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Italian possessives  are those that indicate possession or ownership.

  Maschile Femminile Maschile plurale Femminile plurale
Io

Tu

Lui\lei

Noi

Voi

Loro

Mio

Tuo

Suo

Nostro

Ostro

loro

Mia

Tua

Sua

Nostra

Vostra

loro

Miei

Tuoi

Suoi

Nostri

Vostri

loro

Mie

Tue

Sue

Nostre

Vostre

loro


They correspond with “my,” “your,” “his,” “her,” “its,” “our,” and “their” in English. The Italian possessive adjective can also come after definite articles and agree with the possessed noun in gender and number.

The possessive can be:

  1. POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS → When there is no name, the pronoun replaces the name.

 

Questa è la mia giacca, la tua è nell’armadio (This is my jacket, yours is in the wardrobe) ➜ in this case tua is pronoun because it replaces the name giacca. 

The name giacca is not repeated.

Thanks to the possessive pronoun we can avoid this repetition: Questa è la mia giacca, la tua giacca è nell’armadio, (This is my jacket, yours jacket is in the wardrobe).

2. POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE: accompany the name.

La tua giacca è nell’armadio ➜ in this case the possessive adjective accompanies the name ➜ tua is a possessive adjective.

One of the most common questions that the students ask me about the possessive is: When do you use the article before the possessive?

Below you can find all the rules on about the use of the article before the possessive:

whenever we have possessive pronoun, we always use article

Quale auto prendiamo? La mia o la tua? (What witch car do we take? Yours or mine?)

In front of the names (except the names of the family), ALWAYS use the alrticle:

La mia macchina, la mia casa, il mio cane, il vostro libro.

We never use article, when we have singular family member name:

mia madre, mia cugina, tua sorella.

If the family member name is PLURAL, we always put article:

le mie sorelle, le mie zie, le mie cugine.

 


Now read this class in Italian, then do the exercises→AGGETTIVI E PRONOMI POSSESSIVI

 

 

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